Immunotoxicology sometimes abbreviated as (ITOX) is the study of the toxicity of foreign substances called  xenobiotics and their effects on the immune system. Some toxic agents that are known to alter the immune system include: industrial chemicals, heavy metals, agrochemicals, pharmaceuticals, drugs, ultraviolet radiation, air pollutants and some biological materials. The effects of these immunotoxic substances have been shown to alter both the innate and adaptive parts of the immune system. Some commonly seen problems that arise as a result of contact with immunotoxic substances are: immunosuppression, hypersensitivity, and autoimmunity. Immunotoxic agents can damage the immune system by destroying immune cells and changing signalling pathways  .There are also changes in macrophages and monocyte activity indicating changes in the innate immune system.


  • Exercise regularly
  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • If you drink alcohol, drink only in moderation
  • Get adequate sleep
  • Take steps to avoid infection, such as washing your hands frequently and cooking meats thoroughly.

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