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International Online Conference on Immunology, will be organized around the theme “”

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Drug addiction is a serious problem worldwide. One therapy being investigated is vaccines against drugs of abuse. The antibodies elicited against the drug can take up the drug and prevent it from reaching the reward centers in the brain. Few such vaccines have entered clinical trials, but research is going on apace. Many studies are very promising and more clinical trials should be coming out in the near future. The drug known as marijuana is found in the hemp plant in many molecular forms called cannabinoids high levels can have adverse effects, and may lead to withdrawal symptoms. Many studies are very promising and more clinical trials should be coming out in the near future.

 

  • Track 1-1You Have Frequent Infections.
  • Track 1-2take any medicines. (This includes non-prescription medicines and dietary supplements.)
  • Track 1-3have a history of seizures or someone in your family has a history of seizures
  • Track 1-4Tetanus and pertussis


Medicine that deals with immune responses associated with the diseases and the study of branch is known as Immunopathology The Department of Pathology & Immunology, in response to the growing outbreak, has put together a list of frequently asked questions regarding testing Because pathology combines basic research in disease pathogenesis with clinical medicine, our discipline is ideally positioned to lead in many areas of translational research. Pathology will continue to play important roles in moving new scientific discoveries from the bench to the bedside translational and clinical research activities. Pathology faculty and programs are located at several sites on the medical campus. In science, it alludes to the harm caused to a creature by its own resistant reaction, because of contamination. There are sure issues or blames in the invulnerable framework that can prompt more genuine sickness or malady. That drive ailment backslides and movement.

Immunopathology could allude to how the outside antigens cause the invulnerable framework to have a reaction or issues that can emerge from a living being's own particular resistant reaction on itself.


  • Track 2-1We are all born with some level of immunity to invaders.
  • Track 2-2This type of immunity is “borrowed” from another source, but it does not last indefinitely.


Immunology is the study of the immune system and is a very important branch of the medical and biological sciences. The immune system protects us from infection through various lines of defence. If the immune system is not functioning as it should, it can result in disease, such as autoimmunity, allergy and cancer. Immunological disorders are diseases or conditions caused by a dysfunction of the immune system and include allergy, asthma, autoimmune diseases, autoinflammatory syndromes and immunological deficiency syndromes. There are many types of gut bacteria that help maintain a healthy immune system.



 


  • Track 3-1Your Stress Level is Sky-High.
  • Track 3-2You Always Have a Cold.
  • Track 3-3You Have Lots of Tummy Troubles.
  • Track 3-4Your Wounds Are Slow to Heal.
  • Track 3-5You Feel Tired All the Time.
  • Track 3-6Ways to Boost Your Immune System.


Finally, the ability of the immune system to recognize a tumor-associated antigen, thus enabling development of a vaccine approach for therapeutic application, represents a main target of this field of research. Long years of research were required for busting the new system to fight cancer. ast year over 800 million doses of combination vaccines are used to vaccinate Chinese children whereas more than 20 million children worldwide do not receive one or more important vaccinations that would protect them from at least one preventable disease. HBV virus, the viola major, the virus that causes the smallpox, lethal virus in the 30% of the cases, was eradicated in 1979 in the human species, thanks to a capillary vaccination on global scale. Thus enabling development of a vaccine approach for therapeutic application represents a main target of this field of research.



 


  • Track 4-1Cancers.
  • Track 4-2Systemic lupus erythematous(lupus)
  • Track 4-3Certain medicines
  • Track 4-4Head injury.
  • Track 4-5Brain surgery
  • Track 4-6Bacteria Cultures Based Vaccines


Vaccination increases the levels of circulating antibodies against a certain antigen. Antibodies are produced by a type of white blood cell (lymphocyte) called B cells. Each B cell can only produce antibodies against one specific epitope. Currently available live attenuated viral vaccines are measles, mumps, rubella, vaccinia, varicella, zoster, Being vaccinated against one disease does not weaken the immune response to another disease. No, the immune system makes antibodies against a germ, like the chickenpox virus, whether it encounters it naturally or is exposed to it through a vaccine. vaccines are exposed to enough of the virus or bacteria to develop immunity, but not enough to make them sick. child by 2 years of age, your child should be protected against 14 vaccine preventable diseases.



 


  • Track 5-1Measles, mumps, rubella (MMR combined vaccine)
  • Track 5-2Smallpox.
  • Track 5-3Yellow fever.


The field bargains on the whole with different sorts of antibodies, their blend, remedial impacts, and clinical improvements. The field completely covers every one of the headways, advancements of antibodies in each field of immunization. Immunizations treating jungle fever, malignancy, and numerous different sicknesses can be altogether considered under this field. The antibody can be characterized as an organic planning that gives dynamic gained invulnerability to a specific illness.



 


  • Track 6-1Egg-based vaccines
  • Track 6-2Mammalian cells-based vaccines
  • Track 6-3Investigational Vaccines Manufacturing
  • Track 6-4Insect Cells Based Vaccines
  • Track 6-5Bacteria Cultures Based Vaccines


Conjugate antibodies, made up of a bacterial polysaccharide antigen cross-connected to a bacterial protein, are among the best immunizations accessible today to avert bacterial diseases, for example, pneumococcal and meningococcal contaminations. Conjugate antibodies against bacterial pathogens with a substantial number of serotypes, for example, Streptococcus pneumoniae, generally cover just a few the current strains. Another recombinant DNA-based assembling innovation has been created to avert genuine bacterial diseases. This innovation can possibly prompt antibodies against unmanageable pathogens, for example, S. aureus and Shigella species and to rearrange and enhance the proficiency of creating complex conjugate antibodies.



 


  • Track 7-1Adjuvant
  • Track 7-2DNA vaccination
  • Track 7-3Prime-boost Vaccination
  • Track 7-4Reverse Vaccinology
  • Track 7-5DNA Immunization
  • Track 7-6Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine


The ideal measure of efficacy, infection rates, is usually not studied as a primary endpoint because this requires large sample sizes. Surrogate measures such as immunogenicity are commonly used instead. Immunogenicity refers to the immune response induced by vaccination. Increased disease activity induced by vaccination and unintentional infections induced by live-attenuated pathogens in vaccines (especially in patients on high-dose immunosuppressive drugs). Another issue of vaccine safety is whether vaccines or their constituents can actually cause autoimmune disease (AID), which will be addressed briefly.



 


  • Track 8-1Two doses of measles mumps rubella at 9 and 15 months of age, and no standalone measles vaccine at 9 months.
  • Track 8-2Single dose administration of live attenuated H2 strain hepatitis A vaccine, or two doses of inactivated (killed) hepatitis A vaccine.


Neuroendocrine factors are thought to play a major role in the gender-specific difference in development of certain disorders, including autoimmune or inflammatory diseases that have a 2- to 10-fold higher incidence in females compared to males. Neuroendocrine factors, innate immunity, adaptive immunity, antigen-presenting cells, lymphocytes which ncreasing body of evidence demonstrates that there is bidirectional communication between the neuroendocrine and immune systems. Interactions between these systems results in a variety of outcomes, including the well documented “sickness behavior” elicited by cytokines of the immune system that can enter the brain or activate second messengers that modify neuronal activity


  • Track 9-1metabolism
  • Track 9-2growth and development
  • Track 9-3sexual function and reproduction
  • Track 9-4heart rate
  • Track 9-5blood pressure
  • Track 9-6body temperature.


To analyze the concept of prenatal obesity within a psychoneuroimmunology framework by    considering the psychosocial, neurological, endocrine, and immunological contributions, a psychoneuroimmunology framework maintains a holistic focus. which prenatal obesity leads to adverse pregnancy outcomes as well as the development of interventions to treat obesity before, during, and after pregnancy. A related case is one that is similar to the concept being studied. However, related cases do not contain the defining attributes of the concept being addressed and also referred to as psychoendoneuroimmunology (PENI) or psychoneuroendocrinoimmunology (PNEI), is the study of the interaction between psychological processes and the nervous and immune systems of the human body.



 


  • Track 10-1Soda
  • Track 10-2Processed foods
  • Track 10-3Foods and drinks high in sugar
  • Track 10-4Refined carbohydrates


The first animal vaccine invented was for chicken cholera in 1879 by Louis Pasteur. The production of vaccines for animals and humans has always been linked, this relationship has been coined 'One Health', as at least 61% of all human pathogens originate from animals and No. Vaccines do not contain human or animal cells. The viruses needed to make some vaccines can only be grown in human or animal cells. After the virus has been grown, it is separated from the cells and used to make the vaccine. Some examples of vaccines that were derived from chloroplast to fight against bacterial diseases are cholera, Lyme disease, anthrax, tetanus, and plague, while vaccines to fight against viral diseases are rotavirus and canine parvovirus



 


  • Track 11-1The Flu (Influenza)
  • Track 11-2Hepatitis
  • Track 11-3Rubella
  • Track 11-4 Measles


Immunotoxicology sometimes abbreviated as (ITOX) is the study of the toxicity of foreign substances called  xenobiotics and their effects on the immune system. Some toxic agents that are known to alter the immune system include: industrial chemicals, heavy metals, agrochemicals, pharmaceuticals, drugs, ultraviolet radiation, air pollutants and some biological materials. The effects of these immunotoxic substances have been shown to alter both the innate and adaptive parts of the immune system. Some commonly seen problems that arise as a result of contact with immunotoxic substances are: immunosuppression, hypersensitivity, and autoimmunity. Immunotoxic agents can damage the immune system by destroying immune cells and changing signalling pathways  .There are also changes in macrophages and monocyte activity indicating changes in the innate immune system.



 


  • Track 12-1Exercise regularly
  • Track 12-2Maintain a healthy weight
  • Track 12-3If you drink alcohol, drink only in moderation
  • Track 12-4Get adequate sleep
  • Track 12-5Take steps to avoid infection, such as washing your hands frequently and cooking meats thoroughly.


Since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic in the fall of 2019 over 4 million people have been infected and over 280,000 have died (1). Information about the SARS-CoV2 virus is evolving rapidly. At this time there are no interventions proven to be effective for cases infected with SARS-CoV2. Current knowledge about the clinical and laboratory manifestations of COVID-19 infection is reviewed and combined with knowledge about the immunopathogenic mechanisms of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (SARS-CoV1) and Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) to formulate theories and suggest possible therapeutic interventions. SARS-CoV2 immunopathogenic mechanisms vary from immunosuppression that initially enables viral escape to a hyperinflammatory immune response. Ultimately therapeutic intervention will be phase dependent.



 


  • Track 13-1Infection
  • Track 13-2Asymptomatic
  • Track 13-3Symptomatic
  • Track 13-4AIDS/Progression of HIV to AIDS


The term ‘immunity’ was developed to describe individuals who had recovered from certain infectious diseases and were protected from the same diseases when they were re-encountered. An immune system and associated biological processes exist within these individuals, which are responsible for developing immunity. It also describes applications of immunoinformatics in designing in silico vaccination and immune system modelling. All these efforts save time and reduce cost. An immune system may be considered as a network of thousands of molecules, which leads to many intertwined responses. which help in understanding the properties of the whole immune system.



 


  • Track 14-1Databases
  • Track 14-2Tools
  • Track 14-3Resources
  • Track 14-4Documentation
  • Track 14-5Networks


In this regard, the field of oncology seems to be at an inflexion point: how do we identify and remove cancerous cells responsible for disease relapse, metastasis, and progression In addition, the understanding and utilization of normal hematopoietic and lymphoid stem cells could open alternate avenues to more effectively re-engineer and direct T cells against CSCs.  Cancer “stem cells” as a new category of targets for immune intervention, for both solid and hematologic malignancies. Therapeutic platforms based on stem cells: hematopoietic stem cells, reprogrammed pluripotent stem cells, stem cell-like memory T cells and tumor-derived stem cells.



 


  • Track 15-1Embryonic stem cells. Embryonic stem cells come from human embryos that are three to five days old
  • Track 15-2Non-embryonic (adult) stem cells
  • Track 15-3Induced pluripotent stem cells
  • Track 15-4Cord blood stem cells and amniotic fluid stem cells


The roots of clinical and diagnostic laboratory immunology are deeply embedded in the history of bacteriology and subsequently microbiology, immunology, and the associated clinical disciplines. Insights into host-microbe interactions in these areas led to tests for the antibodies to infectious agents, autoantibodies, and subsequently cellular immunity. During the past half century, such laboratories were initiated primarily through research enterprises. Over the past decade, standardization, quality control, and quality assurance emerged at the same time as the field of clinical and diagnostic laboratory immunology emerged from microbiology laboratories and from research immunology laboratories It garnered material from outside traditional ASM sources and from both the Journal of and Clinical Microbiology Infection and Immunity



 


  • Track 16-1Pneumonia vaccine
  • Track 16-2Shingles vaccine
  • Track 16-3Tetanus and pertussis

It provides a central location for voluntary submission of genetic test information by providers.The scope includes the test's purpose, methodology, validity, evidence of the test's usefulness, and laboratory contacts and credentials. Health care providers and researchers navigating the landscape of genetic tests. Patients and consumers with specific questions about a genetic test should contact a health care provider or a genetics professional

 

 


  • Track 17-1Zoster Vaccine
  • Track 17-2Pneumococcal Vaccine

Drug addiction is a serious problem worldwide. One therapy being investigated is vaccines against drugs of abuse. The antibodies elicited against the drug can take up the drug and prevent it from reaching the reward centers in the brain. Few such vaccines have entered clinical trials, but research is going on apace. Many studies are very promising and more clinical trials should be coming out in the near future. The drug known as marijuana is found in the hemp plant in many molecular forms called cannabinoids high levels can have adverse effects, and may lead to withdrawal symptoms. Many studies are very promising and more clinical trials should be coming out in the near future.           

 


  • Track 18-1Chronic illnesses or treatments (like chemotherapy) that affect the immune system
  • Track 18-2Severe and life-threatening allergies to vaccine ingredients, which are very rare
  • Track 18-3If you have severe illness and a high fever on the day of vaccination


One of the most exciting fields in all of biomedical research right now is oncoimmunology. The premise has be with certain aggressive cancers stopped in their tracks or even eliminated by a provoked or unleashed immune response. But cancer is a difficult foe, and immunology is far from simple, so it’s been a difficult feat to achieve. en around for decades, and on the surface it is simple: Get a cancer patient's immune system to recognize cancer cells as foreign, as they do a virus or bacterium, and mount a response to kill them For example, chronic inflammation, a hallmark of many cancers, has been shown to involve an immune system response that becomes altered to support cancer expansion instead of eliminating it.



 


  • Track 19-1Change in bowel or bladder habits.
  • Track 19-2A sore that does not heal.
  • Track 19-3Unusual bleeding or discharge
  • Track 19-4Thickening or lump in the breast or elsewhere

Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the conducting airways in which many cells of the innate and adaptive immune systems act together with epithelial cells to cause bronchial hyper-reactivity (BHR) (the tendency of smooth muscle cells in people with asthma to react to nonspecific stimuli such as cold air and Allergies and asthma often occur together. The same substances that trigger your hay fever symptoms, such as pollen, dust mites and pet dander, may also cause asthma signs and symptoms. In some people, skin or food allergies can cause asthma symptoms. This is called allergic asthma or allergy-induced asthma. Here are some tips to get relief:

Asthma is a condition in which your airways narrow and swell and may produce extra mucus. This can make breathing difficult and trigger coughing, a whistling sound (wheezing) when you breathe out and shortness of breath. Whereas, asthma is a condition in which your airways narrow and swell and may produce extra mucus. This can make breathing difficult and trigger coughing, a whistling sound (wheezing) when you breathe out and shortness of breath. As yet medical science has not narrowed down any single cause for asthma. Studies point to some leading suspects:

 


 


  • Track 20-1Stay inside when pollen counts are high. Keep the windows closed.
  • Track 20-2Avoid dust mites.
  • Track 20-3Control indoor humidity.
  • Track 20-4Check for pet allergies.
  • Track 20-5Keep your kitchen and bathroom clean and dry to prevent mold and cockroaches.
  • Track 20-6Choose air filters wisely.
  • Track 20-7Be careful doing outside work.